Last edited by Kem
Thursday, August 13, 2020 | History

1 edition of Alternative Routes from Fossil Resources to Chemical Feedstocks found in the catalog.

Alternative Routes from Fossil Resources to Chemical Feedstocks

G. Dobrowolski

Alternative Routes from Fossil Resources to Chemical Feedstocks

the Problem, a Methodological Approach, and the case of Methanol

by G. Dobrowolski

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  • 35 Currently reading

Published by IIASA in Laxenburg .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Pagination53 p.
Number of Pages53
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24710417M

Oil is the currentl argely dominating carbon sourcef or chemical production,b ut as eries of issues currently pose the need to urgently find alternative raw materials: [1] [2] [3] i) reduction of.   Introduction. In the current inventory of energy usage across the globe, fossil resources account for over 80 % of our requirements. Furthermore, it is envisaged by many that by the world’s energy needs will still be served in large part by fossil fuels; for example, the International Energy Agency’s Energy Technologies Perspectives 1 suggests that by , 50 % of the total energy.

Making our mark in the bioeconomy. Leaf provides our industrial ethanol partners with a comprehensive range of yeasts and yeast products, complemented and supported by a team of technical experts in conventional and advanced ethanol rely on our application lab, called Green Lab, to improve ethanol production knowledge and to optimize our partners’ production processes. abundant fossil resources. The chemical industry is no exception. It requires energy for running its processes, and feedstock - most often carbon feedstock, eventually embedded in most chemical products and materials - resulting in CO 2 emissions. However, the European chemical .

However, the chemical versatility of carbon also makes these raw materials a valuable feedstock. For example, about 15% of oil and a small (less than 5%) but growing amount of natural gas is used as a feedstock for other non-fuel uses (e.g. polymers, chemical feedstocks, asphalts, waxes, lubricants). The use of fossil resources must be phased out during the next few decades in order to meet the adopted 2° target. The transition to non-fossil feedstocks in the production of chemicals and transportation fuels will make it increasingly important to economise on the biomass carbon since biomass is a limited resource. Carbon dioxide (CO2) can be used as carbon feedstock and thus .


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Alternative Routes from Fossil Resources to Chemical Feedstocks by G. Dobrowolski Download PDF EPUB FB2

ALTERNATIVE ROUTES FROM FOSSIL RESOURCES TO CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS: The Problem, a Methodological Approach. and the Case of Methanol G.

Dobrowolski, M. ~ebrowski Systems Research Department of the hstitute for Control and Systems Engineering (Academy of Mining and Metallurgy) and of the Industrial Chemistry Research Institute, Cracow, Poland.

Alternative Routes from Fossil Resources to Chemical. Among renewable resources, biomass is definitely the oldest and the most available source which can be converted into energy through some primary and secondary routes.

Iran has both fossil and. The depleting of fossil resources, the ever-increasing emission of greenhouse gases and toxic waste, and stringent environmental regulation have triggered an increasing interest in developing industrially compounds and polymers from natural resources as an alternative of petroleum-based counterparts [1,2].

Various renewable resources are. Alternative Routes from Fossil Resources to Chemical Feedstocks. By G. Dobrowolski, J.A. Kopytowski, J. Wojtania and M. Zebrowski. The authors suggest that the supply of hydrocarbon feedstocks to the chemical industry could be protected against the effects of changing patterns of energy use by modifying the underlying industrial structure.

To support an early identification of human-related barriers to a transformation in the chemical industry, this study presents empirical results from a representative survey study on public knowledge, perception and support of German citizens for domestic carbon resources identified as feedstock alternatives for chemical production.

However, it is important to note that the chemical process industry (CPI) consumes about percent of all the energy (fossil fuels, electricity, etc.) resources used in the United States.

7 Of this, about 50 percent of the energy resources are used as chemical feedstocks, rather than consumed as energy. Because of the competing needs for. A special focus has been given to bioethanol and biodiesel produced from alternative feedstocks and technological routes. In the coming future, the scientific community needs to tackle challenges associated with system boundaries definition, context-specific data collection, interconnected effects across sustainability dimensions, assumptions.

Renewable chemistry research has traditionally focused on finding alternatives to petrochemical-based fuels. But oil produces far more than just fuel.

The modern world is both built from. The elemental and chemical structure of biorefinery raw materials differs from that on which the current fossil refinery and chemical industry is based. Chemical and elemental composition of petroleum is compared with some lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks in feedstock is that, unlike biomass, it is very low in oxygen content.

Key reasons for this are the scarcity of data on the sector’s material flows, and the highly intertwined nature of its complex supply chains. We provide the most up to date, comprehensive and transparent data set available publicly, on virgin production routes in the chemical sector: from fossil fuel feedstocks to chemical products.

The compositions of different biomass species and the chemical structures of the major components are also examined in the context of biomass as an energy resource and feedstock.

The reactions that occur when carbon dioxide (CO 2) is fixed in live green biomass are photochemical and biochemical conversions that involve the uptake of CO 2.

Innovative renewable routes are potentially able to sustain the transition to a decarbonized energy economy. Green synthetic fuels, including hydrogen and natural gas, are considered viable alternatives to fossil fuels. Indeed, they play a fundamental role in those sectors that are difficult to electrify (e.g., road mobility or high-heat industrial processes), are capable of mitigating.

THE USE OF RENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS IN CHEMICAL PROCESSES Climate protection, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and saving of fossil resources are key elements for a more sustainable future. The use of renewable feedstocks in historically solely fossil based chemical processes can contribute to meet these challenges.

Industrial production of a wide range of value‐added products heavily relies on fossil resources. Lignocellulosic biomass materials are receiving increased attention as a renewable, economical, and abundant alternative to fossil resources for the production of various value‐added products.

Biomass feedstocks utilized for these productions include energy crops, agricultural. Electrocatalysis also provides a route to transforming carbon resources into chemicals without the need to burn carbon fuels, assuming the CO2 is taken from air. (the whole upper-left portion of that graphic) is farewell to natural gas and to petroleum as chemical feedstocks.

and use fossil fuel sources for chemical feedstock. And if. Purchase Biofuels - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNimprove chemical and thermal properties and increase the energy densities of these feedstocks if they are to replace those derived from petroleum.

The volatility of the energy markets over the past decade inspired innovations in bioscience and chemistry that have resulted in a range of renewable alternatives for fuels and chemicals.

The bio-based processes also allow for the release of compounds that are easily handled by biological systems (sugars, amino acids, and aromatics), opening up alternative routes for chemical. Biomass as a renewable resource appears as an alternative to substitute oil and gas.

upon petroleum-based chemical feedstocks the conservation of fossil resources and reduction in CO2. ### BACKGROUND As the world continues to transition toward carbon emissions–free energy technologies, there remains a need to also reduce the carbon emissions of the chemical production industry.

Today many of the world’s chemicals are produced from fossil fuel–derived feedstocks. Electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into chemical feedstocks offers a .This will require reducing and replacing the use of fossil resources and over time moving to sustainable raw materials based on residual feedstocks [33, ], many of which are well suited to.The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science.

The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest.